Rabies in Cats: Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

The thought of your cat developing rabies scares all pet owners. The virus is super contagious, putting you and others at risk of rabies infection.

The virus also puts your cat’s life in danger. Once symptoms set in, rabies is almost always fatal.

As a cat owner, you should be informed about the rabies virus. Many people don’t realize what exactly it is or how their pet can contract. They may also not be aware of the symptoms or diagnosis process.

Perhaps most importantly, not many pet owners know how to prevent rabies or what to do if their cat is bitten by a rabid animal.

That’s why we’re here to help. This article addresses all of these points and more. Read on to become a more informed cat owner and keep your feline friend safe!

How Does a Cat Contract Rabies?

Rabies in Cats | Innovet Pet

Rabies is a virus that impacts the nervous system. It can infect any mammal (humans, dogs, cats, etc.). Once symptoms set in, the disease is almost always fatal.

The rabies virus is also highly contagious. Most commonly, an infected animal gives the virus to another creature, which could be your cat. The virus can also transmit if an animal’s mucous membranes or open wound comes into contact with an infected animal’s saliva.

Typically, cats contract rabies when they are exposed to wild animals. They may be bitten by foxes, skunks, raccoons, etc. They may also be bitten by stray animals that were not vaccinated.

What Are the Symptoms of Rabies in Cats?

When a rabid animal bites your pet, it will not show symptoms immediately. The typical incubation period (the time between the initial bite by a wild animal and the development of symptoms) is a few weeks to two months. However, it can be up to a year before the symptoms appear.

The length of incubation depends on factors, including:

  • How severe the wild animal bite was
  • How close the bite was to the brain and spinal cord

Once incubation is over, your pet shows symptoms throughout the following three stages:

Prodromal Stage

The prodromal stage occurs within the first 2 to 3 days of symptoms. During this stage, the animal experiences a sudden, severe change in personality. If it was previously outgoing, it might become timid. If it was previously shy, it might become energetic or agitated.

Other notable symptoms during the prodromal stage include:

  • Licking or pawing at the infection site
  • Change in voice caused by the larynx beginning to spasm

Furious Stage

The furious stage takes place during the next 1 to 7 days. is when a cat presents the biggest threat to others. The animal becomes increasingly aggressive and hyper-responsive to stimuli. It appears disoriented and may experience hallucinations. If enclosed, it will attack the bars of the cage.

During the furious stage, a cat may also show the following symptoms:

  • Dilated pupils
  • Alert posture
  • Loss of fear
  • Lack of muscle coordination
  • Seizures

Paralytic Stage

During this final stage, paralysis will set it. The cat will be unable to swallow because of a paralyzed larynx. This leads to the drooling and foaming at the mouth that we often associate with rabies. The muscles that control breathing will also become paralyzed, leading to death.

How Rabies in Cats is Diagnosed?

The direct fluorescent antibody test is the most effective method for diagnosing rabies. However, veterinarians can only do this test once the animal is dead.

Currently, there is no way for your cat to be rabies diagnosed accurately. One might argue that you can look for symptoms, but the problem with this is that:

  • Symptoms don’t occur in an animal exposed to rabies until well after they were bitten.
  • Once the symptoms present themselves, the disease is almost always fatal.
  • You may confuse symptoms as other signs of other diseases.



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